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Reading comprehension -TOEFL- Lesson 71 (Đọc hiểu -TOEFL- Bài 71)

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Simply stated, computational linguistics is no more than the use of electronic digital computers in linguistic research. These machines are employed to scan texts and to produce, more rapidly and more reliably than is possible without their aid, such valuable tools 5 for linguistic and stylistic research as word lists, frequency counts, and concordances. But more interesting and theoretically much more difficult than the compilation of lists, is the use of computers for automatic grammatical analysis and translation. A considerable amount of progress was made in the area of machine translation in 10 the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and France between the mid-1950's, and the mid- 1960's but much of the original impetus for this work has now disappeared, due in part to the realization that the problems involved are infinitely more complex than was at first envisaged. Thus, translation continues to remain as much an 15 art as a science if not more so.

1. According to the passage, computational linguistics involves




2. In what way have the machines referred to proven to be helpful to researchers ?




3. How does the author describe the present state of machine translation?




4. According to the passage, which of the following problems is the most difficult to solve ?




5. According to the passage, when approximately was significant progress made in translations by computers ?




6. It can be inferred from the passage that translation





Grammar Easy Grammar Medium Grammar - Difficult
1->25 26->49 50->75 76->99 100->125 126->164
Ôn Tập Ngữ Pháp Phần 1 Ôn Tập Ngữ Pháp Phần 2